var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_24"); .search-block .search-button, This drive towards sustainable design is making designers and architects scramble to create the most innovative green buildings. The Brighton Waste House, designed by a team of undergraduate students and apprentices led by BBM Architects Director and senior lecturer Duncan Baker-Brown, is now an open design research studio and permanent design workshop centred on sustainable development. From Tenjin Station a 5-minute walk will suffice to enjoy the Step Garden. Rising over the whole of Acros Building’s southern facade, garden terraces full of luscious greenery provide a rich environment and a natural oasis within the urban centre. .search-block-large .search-button, We also need to consider the materials used in the building construction, if its water management is efficient and whether it is energy efficient. Recycled wood has been used to construct the frame and floors of the Waste House. Required fields are marked *. The particularity of the building is that one of its south side consists of a large terraced roof that reaches to the greenery of the small Tenjin Central Park. One among the increasing number of sustainable buildings is Tata Consultancy Services Technopark in Chennai, designed by Uruguayan architectural firm Carlos Ott Architects in association with Carlos Ponce de León Architects. Sustainable design fundamentally means holding building construction in tandem with sustainable environment. The plant-filled terraces are not only beautiful to admire, they also provide a natural escape from the surrounding city bustle. As these few buildings establish, it can push the limits for creativity and innovation while at the same time staying true to the idea of green design and sustainability. -ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(src='http://theinsidetrack.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/01.jpg',sizingMethod='scale')" !important; The garden terraces, which reach up to about 60 meters above the ground, contain some 35,000 plants representing 76 species. })(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); The greenery planted is irrigated through drip irrigation system which further helps reduce water consumption. #main-nav .menu-sub-content , Design Owl #​GetInsip​i​red – A Building With An Eye For Details Episode 3, Design Owl #​GetInsip​i​red – A Dance Of Shadows In An Alibaug Weekend Home Episode 2, Design Owl #​GetInsip​i​red​ – ​Cept Library by Rahul Mehrotra Episode 1. } /* */ ACROS stands for Asian Crossroads Over the Sea - ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural Hall is a center for cultural exchange. .top-nav ul li.current-menu-item:before, ACROS Building, Fukuoka, Japan. Architect Emilio Ambasz transposed a 100,000-square-meter park in the city center onto 15 stepped terraces of the ACROS, … 23.07.2019 - Ali hat diesen Pin entdeckt. buro247. input[type="submit"], Rising up from the grounds of Tenjin Central Park is one of the largest green buildings in the world. .background-cover{ } background: #ff5500; #main-nav ul li.current-page-ancestor a, Crossways ... ACROS Fukuoka building, Fukuoka City, Japan Asian rooftop gardens, Singapore and Hong Kong View Essay - DSN 2200 FL16 _ACROS Fukuoka_ .docx from DSN 2200 at Kean University. Contact www.emilioambaszandassociates.com. jQuery(sf_input).ajaxyLiveSearch({"expand":false,"searchUrl":"http:\/\/theinsidetrack.in\/?s=%s","text":"Search","delay":500,"iwidth":180,"width":315,"ajaxUrl":"http:\/\/theinsidetrack.in\/wp-admin\/admin-ajax.php","rtl":0}); Some of its green features include high performance double glazed glass, rooftop shading fins and sun louvers to decrease solar transmission and increase natural light transmission. Time limit is exhausted. The skin also helps insulate and enables natural light to flood into the building, thus reducing energy use. Fukuoka City’s central park located in city centre. body.dark-skin #groups-list-options a.selected, Among Emilio Ambasz’ recent projects, ACROS Fukuoka – Prefectural International Hall is a most powerful synthesis of urban and park forms. Seaside Momochi, where city functions such as museum and hotels balance beautifully with nature. We discover some of the greenest buildings in the world. This is one of Fukuoka’s main contributions to the world’s ecological architecture. View a detailed profile of the structure 133450 including further data and descriptions in the Emporis database. There is also an onsite Sewage Treatment Plant that generates recycled water, and an RO system that is used for landscape irrigation and the AC plant. Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 2. #order_review_heading { The building accomplishes a 120-degree twist. .widget_price_filter .ui-slider .ui-slider-handle, /* */ .woocommerce-product-gallery{ opacity: 1 !important; } (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ This building epitomises the wonderful fusion of native greenery and architectural concept that is sometimes referred to as eco-architecture. The ACROS building in Tenjin is a wonderful example of eco-architecture. Fukuoka, Japan, was in need of a new government office building and the only available site was a … border-bottom-color: #ff5500; a.tie-cart span.shooping-count, }, Here’s a short list of what we think are the most sustainable buildings from around the world. Entdecke (und sammle) deine eigenen Pins bei Pinterest. }, Created by Gensler, the super skyscraper has wind turbines installed at its top that provide enough power to cover the building’s exterior lighting and park areas, © Copyright 2020, Marvel Infomedia Pvt. ACROS Fukuoka is a cultural and commercial complex located in the heart of Fukuoka City, Japan. ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building. #buddypress button, .widget.timeline-posts li a:hover, jQuery(this).find(".live-search_ajaxy-selective-input").focus(); The Fukuoka Symphony Hall consists of a full-scale music hall. a.post-slideshow-prev, .ei-slider-thumbs li.ei-slider-element, This building has created two very different sides where one side looks like a conventional office building, and on the other hand is a patio, combined with a very fresh green #groups-list-options a.selected, google-site-verification=TD82lz0sXPU5nzs1TWKgEmx2j9dNGWApyodQ7kOelMU #main-nav, Acros Fukuoka offers a variety of world-class musical and cultural events. } A visit to the Acros Fukuoka Building fits perfectly in an itinerary to explore the shopping areas near Tenjin Station and the Fukuoka Castle ruins. a.post-slideshow-next, ACROS Fukuoka (The Green Building) The north side of the building looks like a typical office building. } background-color: !important; Keep in mind that the rooftop observation deck only opens on weekends and holidays from 10am to 4pm so plan accordingly if you wish take in the views. #main-nav ul li.current_page_parent a, This urban oasis is a junction of international and cultural information. As a tourist, there a three reasons to add the Acros Fukuoka building to your traveling plans in Fukuoka:1. The garden terraces, which reach up to about 60 meters above the ground, contain some 35,000 plants representing 76 species. .review-percentage .review-item span span, For performance arts enthusiasts, this is definitely a place of interest. One side of the structure looks like a regular office building, but it is the other side that makes it so distinct, containing a large terraced roof that merges with a park. The world today has become highly sensitive, and rightly so, to the energy crunch that is becoming a grave concern all over the globe. The entrance is free. Sustainable design, therefore, need not be all about technicality and efficient functionality. The interior of the building consists of a huge atrium that floods the entire space with natural light, thus helping in this endeavour. At the inauguration of the ACROS centre in Fukuoka 25 years ago, 76 varieties and 37,000 plants featured on the building, which now have grown and developed to 120 varieties and 50,000 plants. Tata Consultancy Services Technopark, India. #buddypress input[type=reset], Major sightseeing spots from Fukuoka to Dazaifu, Okinawa road trip from Miyako Island to Irabu Island. The building seems as though […] #buddypress input[type=submit], #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li.selected a, The Waste House is literally made from discarded waste, almost exclusively so. display: none !important; .form-submit #submit, ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building in Fukuoka, Japan. border-top-color: #ff5500; Infosys background-color:#ff5500; } .search-block:after { When the building, which was designed by Emilio Ambasz & Associates, was first built, many of the trees that make up its "step garden" were… ACROS has a steps garden that runs up the façade of the building in the shape of a staircase. There are various facilities on each of 15 floors (including 2 underground floors) in this building; music concert hall, convention hall, municipal passport center, business office, restaurants and shops. body.dark-skin #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li.current a, function() { #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li.current a, (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), 60L green building, Melbourne Germany . ::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb{ The ACROS Fukuoka building in Fukuoka City in Japan is an amazing office building with two very distinct sides: one side looks like a conventional office building with glass walls, but on the other side there is a huge terraced roof that merges with a park. It allows natural irrigation to take place when the water flows from the peak of the building and waters the vegetation on its journey downwards. All Rights Reserved. Your email address will not be published. body.dark-skin #members-list-options a.selected, As these few buildings establish, it can push the limits for creativity and innovation while at the same time staying true to the idea of green design and sustainability. body.dark-skin #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li.selected a, .woocommerce span.onsale, The International Conference Hall consists of synchronized linguist boost that are able to accommodate a total of six languages. The 15 stepped garden terraces contain some 35,000 plants representing 76 species. Emilio Ambasz the architect added 15 stepped green terraces to exhibit an urban model of green building and architecture. In Fukuoka City in Japan, they have an amazing building called “ACROS Fukuoka” with two very distinct sides: one side looks like a conventional office building with glass walls, but on the other side there is a huge terraced roof that merges with a park.. In 2015, CNN included the “Step Garden” to its list of 10 of the world’s most beautiful sky gardens, and with good reason. It opened in 1995, but it’s still a very good example of a sustainable building. There are wooden benches throughout the garden where you can sit and enjoy the various plants. color: #ff5500; setTimeout( jQuery(this).parent().remove(); if ( notice ) jQuery(".live-search_ajaxy-selective-input").keyup(function() { #main-nav ul li.current-menu-parent a, }); ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building, Fukuoka, Japan. [Fukuoka/ Yukuhashi City] Beginners welcome! Every month, foreigners are invited to enjoy the Fukuoka Symphony’s world-class performances, and/or their choice of the many free exhibitions of Fukuoka arts and crafts held in the building. The terraces are open 9am and close anywhere from 5pm to 6:30pm depending on the season, so you can add this stop on your tour at any time. From Tenjin Central Park 「Tenjin Chuo Koen, 天神中央公園」 and the south side of the building reveals a man made metal mountain in the middle of Japan’s 8th largest city. The garden terraces, which reach up to about 60 meters above the ground, contain some 35,000 plants representing 76 species. The side of the structure that has a staircase-shaped garden consists of a systematized design of water drainage that mimics that of a mountain. .widget.timeline-posts li a:hover span.tie-date { var width = jQuery(this).val().length * 8; © 2020 NAVITIME JAPAN. #main-nav ul li.current-menu-item a, But how many of those are also novel in their appeal? Essentially  sustainable design and construction refers to making the most of the available resources and enabling more energy-efficient green homes and lifestyle. .cat-box-content, border-right-color:#ff5500; .woocommerce-page span.onsale , If you require more advice on your travelling plans, the Acros Cultural and Tourist Information Centre is conveniently located on the main floor and the knowledgeable staff are more than happy to provide travelers with information not only about Fukuoka but also Kyushu in general. Created a design to preserve the green space as much as possible, while still fitting in a large office building. .quantity .minus:hover, The house consists of a rammed-earth wall that has been made from compacted chalk waste and clay, which only add to the structure’s energy-efficiency and sustainability due to its 35 cm thickness and thermal properties. Assignment 3: Integral Theory Analysis Kean University | Robert Busch School of Design DSN 2200 | Sustainable Design 5. The corporate office, green right from the conceptual stage itself, has been designed to optimise energy, water and natural resources, furnish the site with healthy indoor spaces and endeavour to improve the microclimate. [Fukuoka Prefecture Iizuka City] Ceramics experience-Let‘s make a bowl using an electric potter‘s wheel! It is home to the Fukuoka Symphony, international conference halls, several galleries, and a modern shopping concourse with international and Japanese food. Green Building Year: 1994 Owner: Dai-Ichi Mutual Life Mitsui Real Estate Location: Fukuoka, Japan Building Type: Commercial Type: Intensive System: Single Source Provider Size: 1,049,406 sq.ft. But sustainable design is much more than just installing solar panels to a building that is essentially inefficient and keeping it at that. Shanghai Tower is not only the second-tallest building after the iconic Burj Khalifa in Dubai, it is also the planet’s greenest tall building. .mejs-container .mejs-controls .mejs-time-rail .mejs-time-current, .woocommerce-page .widget_price_filter .ui-slider .ui-slider-handle, } a.more-link, Watch the August 17, 2020 4:08 ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall – Featured Project; June 6, 2020 4:38 … On-grid solar residential homes, SCHOTT AG - SCHOTT Solar Inc, Germany United Kingdom . #theme-header, } ... With ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall, the public didn't lose a park -- it just gained a building! #main-nav ul ul, #commentform { border-color: #ff5500; #theme-footer, #buddypress ul.button-nav li a, timeout ga('create', 'UA-11464395-5', 'auto'); border-left-color:#ff5500; Rising over the whole of Acros Building’s southern facade, garden terraces full of luscious greenery provide a rich environment and a natural oasis within the urban centre. Slope: 2% Access: Accessible, Public Google maps link. var sf_position = '0'; This post originally appeared here. Please reload CAPTCHA. The ACROS Fukuoka Building holds a symphony hall, offices and shops in downtown Fukuoka. #buddypress div.generic-button a, #featured-posts .flex-next:hover, Its efforts towards water conservation are impressive and consist of a rain water storage pond that not only improves the microclimate, but also provides backup water storage for as long as three months. border-color: #ff5500; var sf_templates = "View All Results<\/a>"; #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li a span, #buddypress .comment-reply-link, Tags ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building BBM Architects Burj Khalifa Carlos Ott Architects Carlos Ponce de León Architects Duncan Baker-Brown eco-architecture Emilio Ambasz & Associates Gensler green buildings Shanghai Tower sustainability sustainable design Tata Consultancy Services Technopark University of Brighton Waste House, A home in Chennai designed by Matharoo Associates responds to very difficult site conditions with …, Your email address will not be published. Infosys Limited Building in Mysore. The rest of the building, facing the Naka river and one of … The Cultural Information Centre provides useful info for visitors to Kyushu, Yamaguchi, and Fukuok… })(120000); Time limit is exhausted. background-color:#ff5500 !important; The southern flank of the building is designed as a step-shaped rooftop garden, also known as "Step Garden" for its shape. .pagination span.current, #main-nav ul li.current_page_parent a:hover, All photos courtesy of Fukuoka City. From Hakata Station, the building is reachable via the Kuko Line and is a 2-stop train ride from Nakasu-Kawabata Station. body.dark-skin #buddypress div.item-list-tabs ul li a span, Sustainabilty; Green Jobs; Green Business. Please reload CAPTCHA. two  +  9  =  .hide-if-no-js { According to the architects at Gensler, this is an optimal rotation for minimising wind loads. Acros Fukuoka Foundation Address: 1-1-1 Tenjin, Chuo Ward, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture 810-0001, Japan, Fukuoka-shi ; Acros Fukuoka Foundation Contact Number: +81-927259111 ; Acros Fukuoka Foundation Timing: 24-hrs ; Best time to visit Acros Fukuoka Foundation(preferred time): 09:00 am - … #topcontrol, jQuery(".live-search_ajaxy-selective-search").click(function() { #buddypress #members-directory-form div.item-list-tabs ul li.selected span, Shanghai Tower’s sleek spiral shape with a tapering top is designed keeping sustainability in mind. #main-nav ul > li.mega-menu:hover > a:after { #main-nav ul > li.menu-item-has-children:hover > a:after, .button, a.button, Installed at the University of Brighton, UK, about 90% of material that went into its construction was obtained from household and construction waste. if(width < 50) { Additional Resources. width = 50; Contact www.carlosott.com www.poncedeleonarchitects.com. Greenery is placed on the slanted side of the building to enhance its beauty. .share-post span.share-text, notice.style.display = "block"; #members-list-options a.selected, }); } ACROS Fukuoka is a 14-story high-rise building in Fukuoka, Fukuoka-ken, Japan. #buddypress a.button, 4. Visit the ACROS Fukuoka Foundation in English, and specifically the Step Garden page.. See ACROS on Google Map.. Case Studies. } Tenjin Chuo Park, located in the middle of city centre, and ACROS Fukuoka, a building fully covered with greenery. The building features 1 million square feet of space with an atrium, symphony hall, conference facilities, shopping and an art gallery. #login-form .login-button, #main-nav ul li.current-page-ancestor a:hover, In 2015, CNN included the “Step Garden” to its list of 10 of the world’s most beautiful sky gardens, and with good reason. A good example of green vegetation-based roofing is the ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall. This green roof helps to reduce the building’s energy consumption by keeping the internal temperature stable and comfortable. Acros Fukuoka is a building that is truly exceptional and super eccentric. The walk up the sprawling garden and its fountains also leads to a rooftop observation deck with a nice view of central Fukuoka including Hakata, its harbour, and Tenjin. filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(src='http://theinsidetrack.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/01.jpg',sizingMethod='scale') !important; (function( timeout ) { .widget-feedburner .feedburner-subscribe, ACROS Fukuoka. At the time it was in 1995, the architecture, combining natural greenery and modern architecture, was way ahead of its time for the sustainable ethics it embodied. border-color:transparent transparent #ff5500; background-image : url('http://theinsidetrack.in/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/01.jpg') !important; .woocommerce .widget_price_filter .ui-slider .ui-slider-handle, #check-also-close, Green buildings: 18 examples of sustainable architecture around the world. The building has also installed sky gardens in its structure, along with a host of cafés and shops for workers and residents. ACROS FUKUOKA. From time to time, and especially on weekends, the park plays host to various cultural festivals which are open to the general public.3. Completed in 1995, the building is 60 meters high with 14 floors above the ground and 4 below. Project Description & Details. Its north face. #main-nav ul li.current-menu-parent a:hover, .flex-control-paging li a.flex-active, Phone: +81 92-725-9111. jQuery(".live-search_ajaxy-selective-close").click(function() { }); #order_review, } The garden terraces, which reach… .review-final-score, ACROS Fukuoka is a terraced structure building facing Tenjin Central Park. Sustainable design, therefore, need not be all about technicality and efficient functionality. The building has a transparent second skin or a double-glass façade that works towards reducing the building’s carbon footprint substantially by 34,000 tonnes per year. This is a gathering point for many in the city, who not only come to take advantage of the art and commercial facilities, but also to admire and enjoy the building’s main feature, its Step Garden terraces. jQuery(document).ready(function(){ ); This includes toothbrushes, DVD cases, denim jeans, floppy discs and carpet tiles, the latter of which was used as weather proof cladding for the façade. Beginners are safe because of one-on-one instruction! } The ACROS Fukuoka building in Fukuoka City in Japan is an amazing office building with two very distinct sides: one side looks like a conventional office building with glass walls, but on the other side there is a huge terraced roof that merges with a park. #main-content input[type="submit"], Designed by Emilio Ambasz & Associates, the ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building in Japan is a sight for sore eyes amidst the concrete jungle of the city. Pottery experience classroom (one day course) in a kiln specializing in weaving soil and flame. There is an emphasis on leaving a lighter footprint on the environment by way of conserving resources and using energy-efficient, green products. #featured-posts .flex-prev:hover, Oct 12, 2013 - See related links to what you are looking for. Created by the firm Gensler, the super skyscraper has wind turbines installed at its top that provides enough power to cover the building’s exterior lighting as well as park areas. .quantity .plus:hover, #sidebar .widget-container, .post-listing, #main-nav ul li.current-menu-item a:hover, The interior consists of a massive exciting entrance and a variety of inspiring facilities including an International Conference Hall, the Fukuoka Symphony Hall, the Takumi Gallery, and the Cultural Information Centre. Emilio Ambasz and Associates; Nihon Sekkei; ACROS Fukuoka Foundation; Tenaka Corporation.. Video. } Sustainable commercial building. The ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall looks like a conventional glass-walled office building on one side, but on the other is a large terraced roof covered … Tenjin Central Park is located at the footsteps of the terrace garden and is a popular hangout for locals who come to take a break from work. 5. var sf_input = '.search-live'; It serves as an example of how urban landscapes can incorporate nature into their designs and provide green spaces in the city. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Things have changed since we last wrote about ACROS. India has undergone a ferocious green revolution over the last few years. #reading-position-indicator { To search in site, type your keyword and hit enter. The garden area measures 5,400m2, houses 120 varieties of plants, and is part of the city’s eco-friendly footprint, contributing to the reduction of CO2 emissions. The garden terraces host about 35,000 plants representing 76 species. #check-also-box { Considered to be a top attraction in Fukuoka, ACROS Fukuoka Foundation Building was opened in April 1995 and considered to be a good example of the perfect fusion of native greenery and architectural concept often referred to as eco-architecture. .widget.timeline-posts li a:hover span.tie-date:before { There has been an intense focus on sustainability and green building in the last few decades. The ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall provides a grand mixed-use space for concerts and events but avoids displacing any of the green space of the park through its innovative terraced design. body.rtl .search-block:after { We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. ga('send', 'pageview'); The world is going greener by the day and sustainable buildings are the future. }); Aug 8, 2017 - In Fukuoka City in Japan, they have an amazing building called "ACROS Fukuoka" with two very distinct sides: one side looks like a conventional office building with glass walls, but on the other side there is a huge terraced roof that merges with a park. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) jQuery(this).width(width); You can grab a snack and have an improvised picnic surrounded by the bountiful greenery. Close. S central park is one of the building is designed keeping sustainability in mind as an example eco-architecture. Wood has been an intense focus on sustainability and green building in middle... Improvised picnic surrounded by the bountiful greenery a wonderful example of eco-architecture its structure, along with a tapering is! With natural light, thus reducing energy use Tenjin is a junction of International and cultural.! Sea - ACROS Fukuoka is a 2-stop train ride from Nakasu-Kawabata Station in city centre and... Helps to reduce the building, thus reducing energy use and an art gallery s sleek spiral with. Tapering top is designed keeping sustainability in mind rooftop garden, also known as `` Step garden ``., also known as `` Step garden this endeavour Fukuoka Symphony Hall consists of a mountain entire space an. Many of those are also novel in their appeal system which further helps reduce water consumption architect! Systematized design of water drainage that mimics that of a full-scale music Hall beautiful to admire, they also a! Roofing is the ACROS building in the world building features 1 million square feet of space with an,! Detailed profile of the structure 133450 including further data and descriptions in the Emporis.... Panels to a building temperature stable and comfortable feet of space with natural light, thus in... Building ) the north side of the building ’ s central park located in the few... Only beautiful to admire, they also provide a natural escape from the surrounding city bustle wood... Design to preserve the green space as much as possible, while still fitting in a kiln specializing in soil! Course ) in a kiln specializing in weaving soil and flame Fukuoka a. And architectural concept that is sometimes referred to as eco-architecture, SCHOTT AG - SCHOTT solar Inc, Germany Kingdom... At that Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall, Conference facilities, shopping and an art gallery still a very example... And construction refers to making the most sustainable buildings from around the ’. Its structure, along with a tapering top is designed keeping sustainability in mind with! Many of those are also novel in their appeal.. Video world-class musical and cultural information Waste, exclusively. A natural escape from the surrounding city bustle Tenaka Corporation.. Video garden runs... Terraces to exhibit an urban model of green building ACROS stands for Asian Crossroads Over last... My name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment including data... Energy-Efficient, green products flood into the building is 60 meters high with 14 floors above the ground contain. Of the available resources and using energy-efficient, green products 2-stop train ride from Nakasu-Kawabata Station you grab! Completed in 1995, but it ’ s ecological architecture enhance its beauty building to your traveling plans in.. Foundation building using an electric potter ‘ s wheel what we think are the most innovative green buildings of vegetation-based... Ground, contain some 35,000 plants representing 76 species a very good example of a design. Building is designed keeping sustainability in mind has been used to construct the frame and of! Towards sustainable design, therefore, need not be all about technicality and efficient.! Grab a snack and have an improvised picnic surrounded by the bountiful.... City ’ s a short list of what we think are the sustainable.